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唐朱昌
唐朱昌
教授,博士生导师。复旦大学中国反洗钱研究中心首任主任,复旦大学俄...
严立新
严立新
复旦大学经济学院、金融研究院副教授,中国反洗钱研究中心执行主...
陈浩然
陈浩然
复旦大学法学院教授、博士生导师;复旦大学国际刑法研究中心主任。...
何 萍
何 萍
华东政法大学刑法学教授,复旦大学中国反洗钱研究中心特聘研究员,荷...
李小杰
李小杰
安永金融服务风险管理、咨询总监,曾任蚂蚁金服反洗钱总监,复旦大学...
周锦贤
周锦贤
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童文俊
童文俊
高级经济师,复旦大学金融学博士,复旦大学经济学博士后。现供职于中...
汤 俊
汤 俊
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李 刚
李 刚
生辰:1977.7.26 籍贯:辽宁抚顺 民族:汉 党派:九三学社 职称:教授 研究...
祝亚雄
祝亚雄
祝亚雄,1974年生,浙江衢州人。浙江师范大学经济与管理学院副教授,博...
高增安
高增安
复旦大学中国反洗钱研究中心特聘研究员,专事反洗钱与贸易领域的研...
顾卿华
顾卿华
复旦大学中国反洗钱研究中心特聘研究员;现任安永管理咨询服务合伙...
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上传时间: 2021-03-06      浏览次数:335次
OSHA’s Expanding Horizons: Whistleblower Protections For Money Laundering And Criminal Antitrust Violations

 

https://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/osha-s-expanding-horizons-whistleblower-8447189/

 

At this point, most employers probably know that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) is charged with investigating far more than workplace safety. Indeed, OSHA has a robust Whistleblower Protection Program that oversees worker retaliation complaints pursuant to over 20 different federal whistleblower laws. Publicly traded companies will be familiar with OSHA’s authority to investigate employee whistleblower complaints under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (“SOX”). But that list of whistleblower statutes seems to get longer with each new administration!

 

On February 19, 2021, the Department of Labor tasked OSHA with the investigation of whistleblower complaints under two new statutes of which employers should be aware — the Criminal Antitrust Anti-Retaliation Act of 2019 (“CAARA”) and the Anti-Money Laundering Act of 2020 (“AML Act”).

 

CAARA was signed into law by former President Trump in December 2020. It prohibits retaliation against a covered individual for providing information related to criminal antitrust law violations to the federal government or to their supervisors (or for assisting in a federal investigation or proceeding related to criminal antitrust law violations). The particular conduct subject to criminal antitrust prosecution under the Sherman Act, and thus the only violations that might involve whistleblower protection under CAARA, are bid-rigging, price-fixing, market or customer allocation agreements, conspiracies to restrain supply or competition, and agreements to set employee wages or allocate employees (so-called “no-poach” agreements). CAARA specifically prohibits retaliation “in the terms and conditions of employment” of the following “covered individual[s]”: “employee[s], contractor[s], subcontractor[s], or agent[s] of an employer.” Protection under the statute is not available if the whistleblower “planned or initiated” the reported misconduct. The AML Act was signed into law over former President Trump’s veto in January 2021. A lengthy statute (likely to be further interpreted by federal regulations), the goal of the AML Act is apparently to expand upon the mechanisms available to the federal government to fight money laundering and prevent terrorist financing. To that end, the AML Act expands the preexisting whistleblower and informant provisions of the Bank Secrecy Act of 1970 to extend protection to whistleblowers from their employers if they provide information to their employer or to the federal government regarding certain money laundering-related violations (or assist the Departments of Justice or Treasury in investigations or actions). Employers are prohibited from discriminating against whistleblowers in the terms and conditions of their employment or post-employment.

 

Similar to SOX, individuals may initiate claims under either statute by filing a complaint with OSHA. Employers should consider these statutes in conducting supervisory training and whether a review of existing employee policies or agreements is warranted in light thereof.